We begin the excursion with a visit to the National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru, the oldest state museum in the country. The institution features an extensive archeological collection of more than 100,000 artefacts from such pre-Inca cultures as the Moche, Chimu, Paracas, Chavin, Nasca and others. It also features displays of Inca artefacts and objects from Peru´s Colonial era and Republican period.
We then drive to the ruined city of Pachacamac, built around AD 700. Here we explore the remains of a temple once dedicated to the ancient gods of the Sun and the Moon. We see evidence of a sophisticated irrigation and reservoir system and ruins that provide clues about the original inhabitants.
The excursion continues south of the city to Hacienda Mamacona, home of a distinguished Lima family famous as expert breeders of the uniquely Peruvian ‘Caballo de Paso’ or ‘Stepping Horse’. The hacienda is elegantly built and decorated in the Republican architectural style. We enjoy a Peruvian buffet lunch here, served in the garden.
After lunch, we visit an exhibit on the ‘Caballo de Paso’ and learn about the horse´s origins, breeding and uses. Afterwards, we enjoy a performance of the Marinera dance, in which horse and rider move in time with a female partner on the ground to the sound of live traditional music.
Several horses are available to ride if you wish to experience this unique breed.
Afterwards we return to the ship.