Enjoy walking through the village and visiting one of Igaliku´s sheep farms, where the farmers grow Timothy grass as winter fodder. Drawn by the area´s verdant nature, Norse settlers began sheep farming here almost a millennium ago. It is still one of the main industries – making Igaliku the oldest sheep farming settlement in Greenland.
Igaliku has few inhabitants, but its scenic beauty is nothing short of grand. The town´s 27 year-round residents live in small houses built from the region´s characteristic sandstone. The homes look out on a valley brimming with green fields and views to Igaliku fjord.
When you see Igaliku, you realize why the Norse settlers chose it as the hub of their Greenland colony, called Gardar. The site was ordained as a diocese on approval by Norwegian King, Sigurd I Magnusson, “The Crusader,” in the early 1100s. Gardar cathedral was likely the largest of all churches in Greenland at the time. Scandinavians thrived here for more than 200 years – from the early 12th to late 14th centuries - before losing contact with the Nordic homeland and mysteriously disappearing. The area´s history comes alive today in and around Igaliku´s many remaining stone ruins.